路易斯‧阿姆斯壯 (Louis Armstrong)

生平簡介

Louis Armstrong
出身紐奧良貧民區,很小他父親就拋棄家庭,不知所終,但困窘的生活並不影響少年阿姆斯壯對音樂的追求,他在社會最底層長大,還曾經進過少年感化院,所幸他在感化院學會了吹短號(cornet),開始接觸音樂,沒幾年的時間,18歲的阿姆斯壯,已經是紐奧良知名的演奏者了,成為當時最紅的娃娃歐瑞Kid Ory樂團的短號手,1922年,加入奧立佛國王Joe King Oliver樂團,在前輩奧立佛的指導調教之下,阿姆斯壯進步神速,逐漸建立起他作為一位偉大獨奏者的地位。

當時紐奧良樂手雖然也有興奏的作法,但是大多篇幅不長,音樂上自由開闊的程度也還很不明顯,是阿姆斯壯以熱烈狂野,如泉湧出的即興號音,徹底改造了爵士樂,有一種說法是這樣的,當年阿姆斯壯在佛雷查韓德森Fletcher Henderson大樂團的表現實在太出色了,當他離團之後,韓德森沒有辦法找到能代替的人,韓德森與樂團的編曲主任唐瑞德曼Don Redman研究之後,將阿姆斯壯的演奏拆解開來,用整個樂團來模擬,有人負責學他在節拍前後不定時穿插的裝飾音,終於將阿姆斯壯熱烈而具有強大生命力的搖擺樂成功重現,然後當時各大樂團紛紛仿效,這,就是搖擺樂大樂團的起源!


到了1930年代之後,阿姆斯壯音樂生涯中演唱的比重漸增,「Hello Dolly」、「What a Wonderful World」等等經典名曲膾炙人口,讓他成為世界知名的藝人,影響力超越了音樂範疇,笑口常開的形象,為他贏得一個「Satchmo書包嘴」的外號,他的聲音吵啞,並不是什麼天生金嗓子,但是他賦予歌唱與演奏同等的情感,完全擺脫了傳統上演唱者附屬的角色定位,使歌手成為音樂藝術家,受他影響的歌手包括法蘭克辛那屈Frank Sinatra、艾拉費茲傑羅Ella Fitzgerald、平克勞斯貝Pink Crosby甚至貓王,簡直不計其數。


阿姆斯壯也是爵士樂能推廣到世界各地的最大功臣,他應美國政府的邀約巡迴世界演奏,所到之處無不轟動,對美國文化和爵士樂的形象提升貢獻極大,二次大戰剛結束那段時間,世界各地許多人士就是在聽到他演奏之後,接受了爵士樂,也才開始接受美式文化。

 

 

What a wonderful world


I see trees are green, red roses, too
I see them bloom for me and you
And I think to myself
What a wonderful world

I see skies of blue and clouds of white
The bright blessed day
The dark says good night
And I think to myself
What a wonderful world

The colors of the rainbow
So pretty in the sky
Are also on the faces of people going by
I see friends shaking hands
Saying "how do you do?"
They're really saying I love you

I hear babies cry, I watch them grow
They learn much more
Than I'll never know
And I think to myself
What a wonderful world

 

 

 

When the Saints Go Marching In

Oh, when the saints go marching in
Oh, when the saints go marching in
I want to be in that number
When the saints go marching in

Oh, when the sun refuse to shine
Oh, when the sun refuse to shine
I still want to be in that number
When the sun refuse to shine


 

 

 

 

 Mack the Knife

oh, the shark, has, pretty teeth, dear....and he shows them, pearly white
Just a jackknife, has macheath, yeah.....and he keeps it, out of sight
When the shark bites, with his teeth, dear....scarlet billows start to spread
Fancy gloves, though, wears macheath, yeah..so there's not a trace, hmmmm of red

On the sidewalk...sunday morning, ...lies a body oozin' life
Someone's sneakin' 'round the corner...is the someone, mack the knife?

From a tugboat.... by the river..... a cement bag's, droopin' down
Yeah, the cement's just for the weight, dear...bet you mack, he's back in town
Looky here louie miller, disappeared dear...after drawing, out his cash

And macheath spends, like a sailor...did our boy do, somethin' rash?

Sukey tawdry, jenny diver..lotte lenya, sweet lucy brown
Oh, the line forms on the right, dears.....now that macky's back in town

 

Moon river

Moon river, wider than a mile
I'm crossing you in style some day
Oh, dream maker, you heart breaker
Wherever you are goin', I'm goin' your way

Two drifters, off to see the world
There's such a lot of world to see
We're after the same rainbow's end, waitin' 'round the bend
My huckleberry friend, moon river, and me

On the Sunny Side of the Street


Grab your coat and get your hat
Leave your worries on the doorstep
Life can be so sweet
On the sunny side of the street

Can't you hear the pitter-pat
And that happy tune is your step
Life can be complete
On the sunny side of the street

I used to walk in the shade with my blues on parade
But i'm not afraid...this rover?s crossed over

If i never had a cent
I'd be rich as rockefeller
Gold dust at my feet

On the sunny side of the street

(instrumental break)

I used to walk in the shade with them blues on parade
Now i'm not afraid... this rover has crossed over

Now if i never made one cent
I?ll still be rich as rockefeller
There will be goldust at my feet
On the sunny
On the sunny, sunny side of the street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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